Adding Environment Variables to Your Webpack Project

Adding Environment Variables to Your Webpack Project

Jake Hayes


Adding environment variables to your Webpack project is simple and easy. All you need to do is add dotenv-webpack into the dev dependencies in your package.json

pnpm i -D dotenv-webpack

Then in the webpack.config.js, add this to the plugins:

 plugins: [
   new Dotenv({
  path: `./.env.${process.env.NODE_ENV}`,

With this setup, it will be easiest to set the NODE_ENV as part of your scripts in your package.json

 "scripts": {
  "dev": "NODE_ENV=local ...",
  "build": "NODE_ENV=release ...",
  // ...
 // ...

Then you can create files based on the path provided ./.env.local and ./.env.release (you’ll need to match yours up with whatever path and file name you specify in Webpack). Then the .env files are formatted the same as you would in any other project:


Then in javascript all you need to access the value is to look at the process.env object like this:

const value = process.env.KEY;

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